Why did Paganism die?

I’m the type of guy that tears out an article out of the newspaper, folds it up, and carries it about in my wallet. It has to be special. The subject has to be something that pricks on some unexplainable level. The Wall Street Journal’s Weekend edition, Saturday/Sunday, March 21-22 2015 had a fascinating book review on two recently published works: Coming Out Christian in the Roman World by Douglas Boin and Pagans by James J. O’Donnell.   I fully intend to find these books and crack them open – however it’s really ‘something’ to find a newspaper review that provokes the same thoughts and sense of awe that I am sure the books will provide once I get a copy.   I just want to say that Peter Thonemann’s book review was outstanding, well-written, well-researched, and the article itself was a joy to read like remembering a college class that really opened your eyes to the nature of the world.

The title reads: Rome at the Crossroads. The article reviews two books that study a fascinating point. Why did Rome choose the path of Christianity? Was it sudden? Was it a gradual awakening? What are the crossroads where a society chooses or discovers another path?

How many of us can claim that we ever witnessed a societal crossroad in the first place? There’s only a couple I can think of.  The Digital Age?  The Civil Rights Movement?

According to the article large Christian communities rose up only 150 years after the death of Jesus. ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY YEARS! This is nothing on the calendar of human endeavor. What is 150 years, really? This is two to three generations at the most.

So Boin and O’Donnell have to answer a very big question. What made paganism “roll over” in a very short space of time?

No. I am not forgetting the persecutions.   However, even an emperor or two would eventually find a trusted advisor to be Christian, even as high as the corridors of the imperial house.

What made paganism die? Was paganism already on its way out? Was there something in the pagan thought that made it ready for something new?

This quote by Gibbon is at the top of the page of the article: “According to the maxims of universal tolerance, the Romans protected a superstition which they despised.”  Meaning…the Romans did not believe in the Pantheon of Gods but continued with it as a matter of course…tradition dies hard some say.

However, as Christians were being rounded up, what happened to those that escaped the net?  There had to be some missed, who hid, who denied their faith when confronted, who lived under the radar and were careful of any misspoken word that might give them away.

Were there Romans perfunctory ‘burning the incense to the Emperor’ as we pay our taxes today? The article brings up that many Romans were quite happy to serve the Emperor, pay their taxes, serve in the Army, and keep a secret Christian altar in the basement. Can man serve two masters? Short answer: Yes, but not very long. Maybe the pagans served two masters long enough until it was ‘safe’ to serve one.

Was paganism weak? The article poses this question. I don’t believe they were weak at all. For thousands of years they conquered, explored, went adventuring, pillaged and dared the gods, and lived on to build empires. It certainly provided a basis to explain the world. It provided an explanation of the changing of the seasons, of man, of a world filled with unanswered questions.

A pagan philosopher exclaimed upon witnessing the properties of a magnetic rock: “There are gods in everything.”

Maybe all that man needed at that time was one. Maybe there were just too many sacrifices (burning incense, and animal sacrifice) to be made to a list of gods that covered anything and everything. Maybe there were just too many ‘masters’ too serve in that ‘pagan’’ world when you have a god for anything you can name (the door, the heavens, the stoop, the harvest, the hymen and the wind, etc, etc).

Maybe Matthew 6:24 is correct: “No man can serve two masters.” Maybe Judeo/Christian thought provided the one religion needed at the right time to cut down the confusion. Was Christianity more flexible (i.e. turning Saturnalia into Christmas)?   I leave that one to the scholars.

These are too many questions for me, and already my head hurts.  I had coffee with a good friend Dr. Vincent Guss in hopes of a cureI showed him the article.  He is a clincial Ethicist and Board Certfied Chaplain. He had different take on my explanation of the article: “The Roman religion lacked spirituality.”  I sent him the article later and he sent back this email.

Quote.

Thanks so much for the article and the good conversation about how and why “Paganism” was so easily replaced by “Christianity”.  The article and our conversation gave me the opportunity to pause, consider and reflect on that important topic for our culture as it developed in ancient times.  I am honored that you valued my perspective regarding the lack of spirituality (by the time of the “common era”) that so-called Roman paganism had as compared to Christianity at that time, and was the most likely reason that Paganism all but disappeared by the 4th Century. I fully agree with the author of the article in his final words: “…it is dispiriting  to [say] ‘novelty intervened to distract people'” as the reason that “…the implausible triumph of Christianity” replaced paganism so easily.  I believe that regardless of philosophical or religious orientation (or the lack of either), humankind as a deep need for spirituality.  When the “religion of the day” (such as what “passes: as Christianity for many) does not meet that need, people will search and find it elsewhere.  (I have a thesis that today the State Religion of America is Professional and Collegiate football, the Church is the NFL, the Cathedrals are the massive stadiums, the choir/vestal virgins are the cheerleaders and the players are the gladiators performing to the glory of their god–money, fame and applause!–if you are a football fan, pardon my opinionated sarcasim).

End  quote.

Saw Vincent for coffee later in the week  (followup appointment…ha, ha) and he had just one additional comment: “Maybe paganism was already dead when Christianity came about.”

As for Thonemann, the book reviewer, he has achieved something rare.  He made me discuss religion and philosophy, something I rarely do.  Considering Peter Thonemann is a lecturer at All Souls College at Oxford University it should come to no surprise that he can inspire and raise the level of discussion in as little as twelve paragraphs.

CARTHAGE MUST DIE! Coming soon!

v3_08_09112014_jh_11794 OK, I admit it. I am a total Vikings fan. “NO, I AM NOT TALKING FOOTBALL!” I am have been swept up by History Channel’s Vikings. I am a  Roman History geek, and Vikings is the closest thing I’m going to get to out and out pillaging, and razing towns on a mass scale. The latest episode has our Hero Ragnar Lodbrok attacking the city of Paris with his Viking host. What is amazing about the show is how the camera sweeps in to highlight characters, and this episode gives you some outstanding ‘breaching the walls’ and ‘burning of scaling ladders.’   I have to say if anything, this show should give you an appreciation of what it means to be an actor in such a production. Not only is it to your advantage to be ‘buff’ (of course I am referring to Rollo), but to be versed on sword play, and KNOW how to fall. To be ‘fit’ is important , expecially when you have to hang high in the air, battle French soldiers, and fall 20 feet to the water below. Acting is a tough business, but I have to say I admire the actors that are closer to my own physique that still climbed the ladder – what a guy will do to be on television.

I have a friend named Art Lynch that if you dressed him in skins and handed him an ax – pure Viking marauder.

Heck, with science fiction or fantasy…history is where it’s at. In the scene where Ragnar is on the wall and looks for a moment at Paris while grabbling with the wall defenders, you see a city from another time. It is lush, oddly attractive, and obviously wealthy…especially seen from the eyes of a Viking who knows only mountains and small villages. And don’t tell me that Rollo when he gazes upon the French Princess he does not see the face of Siggy (who died in a frozen lake). What man would not love a woman that will throw ice water on you when your sleeping off a bender and come to see you while your awaiting execution by your brother Ragnar for fighting in alliance with the dreaded Jarl Borg. Let’s hear it, “Hisss, Booo…” Family. We do forgive brothers and sisters for all types of transgressions.  

I think the most terrifying thing about the episode was ‘the bolt.’ An assembly mounted on a stock, seems to be a miniaturized version of the Roman Scorpio or Scorpion. It was larger, and (just found this out) went by another name of trigger fish. The episode shows the devastation of this instrument of war, where Vikings face a continuous barrage from the defenders on the wall. It is not till later in the episode that Lagertha (Ragnar’s ex wife) faces a medieval version of a scorpion which must have terrified enemies facing a legion.  There is nothing sexier than a shield maiden.

OK, I am MGM deprived. I am starving from few showings of lavish productions of ancient/medieval battles. They don’t make that stuff much anymore. I will take it wherever I can get it.   The heck with Game of Thrones (don’t tell anyone I said that…I LOVE THAT SHOW!), there is a wealth of drama on the page of ancient history. It’s all in the telling.  

Does anyone want to see a TV show about the taking of Carthage?

Carthage Must Die.

Coming in November on The History Channel.

It would be nice.

A guy can dream can’t he?

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Found an interesting tidbit in the book The Colosseum by Keith Hopkins and Mary Beard.  Check out page 170.   Rome’s Colosseum was used for the MTV’s music awards in November 2004.  The head of Rome’s archaeological Service objected on the grounds that its use “debased, exploited and commercialized” this antiquity.  Really?  Isn’t the colosseum one of the greatest insturments of debasement and exploitation the world has ever seen?  And I have no doubt that quite a few ancient Romans made a packet off the commercialization of this killing machine.

06_ColiseumWall-400x299

Saw this quoted on History Channel’s Vikings.  An English King is fascinated by the Ancient Romans.  He quotes the following poem.  It impressed me so much I went looking for it.  The translation is not mine, I changed the placement of a few words and sentences in that it seemed more ‘fitting.’  I usually don’t like Roman poetry, but this translation appealed to me.   I have faced death twice this year, and it sings to me on many levels.   My thanks to Horace, the poet.  I intend to memorize the poem.  Look for a video coming soon.

 

CARMINA 1/11

Don’t ask (we may not know), Leuconoe,

What end the gods propose for me

 

Or you. Let Chaldees try…To read the ciphered sky;

 

Better to bear the outcome, good or bad,

Whether Jove proposes to add,

Fresh winters to the past

Or to make THIS the last.

 

Which now tires out the Tuscan sea and mocks

It’s strength with barricades of rocks.

 

Be wise, strain clear the wine

And prune the rambling vine…Of expectation

 

Life’s short.

Even while we talk

TIME…grudging, runs a mile.

 

Don’t trust tomorrow’s bough

For fruit. Pluck this,

here,

NOW.

Old as the hills

I went to the VA today.    A older veteran was sitting waiting for a bus and was playing a flute.  He had a walking staff, a veterans hat, and was happily playing what is known as a ‘recorder.’  I could not help but think of an earlier time.  untitled

A more youthful image of what I saw, but I could imagine himself as this once...a long time ago.

A more youthful image of what I saw, but I could imagine himself as this once…a long time ago.

A.D. 62: POMPEII

pompeiiSometimes it reads like a travelogue.  I don’t care.  It’s one of my favorite books AND IT HAS TIME TRAVEL (mix time travel and Ancient Rome and you got me.)  To be honest it takes more than that:  great writing, a good story, and a great analysis between ‘then’ and ‘now’ – add a love story and I’m yours.  I’ve read it twice.  Is that recommendation enough?

The main character is named Miranda.  The name itself has meaning.   It is derived from the Latin, Mirandous, meaning admirable, wonderful.  Ms. East’s protagonist fits the bill.  She is a great time traveler, knowledgable, flexible and can read people in what to her is a familar (because she studied them) but still ‘alien’ world.  I have always wondered what would happen if ‘modern man’ was thrust back to that time how he would survive.  The number of cooks, bakers and candlestick makers have depleted in the modern world.  Miranda survives because she is a storyteller.  Imagine what the Romans would have thought of Shakespeare, Dickens, and Hans Christian Andersen?

I have no doubt I will read this story again.

The Pyramid View

1383079_10201802172832485_733951766_nThis my favorite photo on the web.  It pricks my imagination, and feels as if one is staring into a black hole into the dawn of time.  Though I did not take this photo, I did participate in this pastime by sitting back and watching the sun set.  This is where your thoughts start to race and you realize a few things: life is short, and do the things that you really want to do.  

Look below.  What dreams were dreamt? You sit on the largest tomb in the world.  What dreams were dreamt by those buried and those that buried them.

I can’t look away. 

The Actium Spin

 

IN MY OPINION ONE OF THE BEST  PAINTINGS OF ANTONY AND CLEOPATRA:  Titled: Antony and Cleopatra (1883) by Lawrence Alma-Tadema depicting Antony's meeting with Cleopatra in 41 BC.

IN MY OPINION ONE OF THE BEST PAINTINGS OF ANTONY AND CLEOPATRA: Titled: Antony and Cleopatra (1883) by Lawrence Alma-Tadema depicting Antony’s meeting with Cleopatra in 41 BC.

The Actium Spin

CALL THE ANCIENT ROME REFOCUSED Hotline:  If you read the Actium Spin and have an opinion call:  

855-209-6230.

If you’re outraged…call…if you have a way to make this ‘draft’ paper better…call…if you disagree…call!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

YOUR PHONE CALL WILL BE PUT ON THE NEXT PODCAST. 

 

Author’s notes:

I am hiring myself out to the Antonians that fought for control of the Roman world.  I am putting forward a hypothesis that Cleopatra and Antony could have won the war if they had just listened to me (what ego, right?).   Yes, it was a military engagement, no question, but it was also a communications war. In the military ‘perception is reality’ and this conflict was no different.

* Before you read this paper put away your 21st century mores. The premise of this paper is to suggest ways that Marc Antony could have swayed Roman Public Opinion to his cause. Fair play is not of this century, the Rules of War have one word – simple and direct: WIN.   Put away your religion that guides your life – we are talking about a PAGAN WORLD.

This paper explore steps that Antony could have used to turn public opinion in his favor.

The title of the paper is called: The Actium Spin.

Yes, I know. I am working with the benefit of hindsight

Let’s start with the context of the situation.

‘Context’ is a noun meaning: The circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed.

CONTEXT: Rome was on the rise. There was a change going on. There was a shift from Hellenic power, brought into place by the remnants of Alexander the Great, and challenged by the rise of an ‘unknown’ city-state called Rome. The power of Cleopatra was left over from the establishment of a Macedonian General Ptolemy Soter and his family’s 300 year reign over Egypt.   Egypt had gown weak; Rome had grown strong and was eating up kingdoms as it moved out across the known world. Rome became stronger as it became flushed with money and slaves, and Egypt was attractive for it had a commodity that was equal to the power of oil in the modern world: FOOD!   Rome could not govern itself. The Republic is shaky, and the strong (in the form of generals with ‘personal’ armies), fought for control of the state. Rome suffers a civil war. At this point of time there are two contenders to control the world: Marc Antony (friend of Caesar) and Octavian (adopted son of Caesar and later to be known as Augustus). Marc Antony is in Egypt and Octavian is in Rome.

O.K. We have the context. So, let’s get started.   After being transported back I have lived in two places in the ancient world, Rome and Alexandria. I have gained a position on Antony’s staff. The following is my letter.

Recommendations to his imperial highness Marc Antony, ancestor of Hercules:

From Rob Cain, Strategoi.

  1. Establish a permanent presence in Rome.

The center of the world is Rome. You know that. I know that. That is what most people believe, at least the important people. You need allies, not just the eastern satraps and kings, but allies in the senate. At current count there are approximately 300 senators on your side, but this is not enough and you are putting them in an impossible situation. They are currently defending a ghost. Because you are not there to defend yourself, and your allies cannot get from you the support that they need to continue to defend you. What kind of support?   When a debate takes place on the Senate floor, we need YOU THERE to walk over to the ‘boy with just a name’ (I refer to Octavian) and pop him one in the nose. Even if just you stood up in the Senate at any insult or lie, it would send a clear message that you will not tolerate the slander that takes place. Every party in Rome an Antony supporter is laughed down and shoved and ridiculed. The party circuit in Rome is just as important as the Senate, it is just as important what the wheat vendor says to the butcher on festival day.  You need people at these ‘get-togethers’ to drink and give their opinions.

Establish a permanent presence in Rome. Yes, yes, I know. You cannot be without your true love.   I give you that. However, six months out of the year at your Roman villa will be enough to quell the feasting that is taking place on your ghost. You are being served for dinner every night. You need to be here to look them in the eye. You are feared, but you are only feared when they see that massive neck of yours. Octavian hates you. More importantly, he fears you. However to fear a man in Egypt is different than to fear a man in Rome.

  1. Raise Caesarian in Rome.

Bring your adopted son to Rome. Put him in a toga. Show him off at gymnasium. Make him lift a few weights and take a swing at a gladiator or two. Slap him on the shoulder, and introduce him around. Once the senators see that he has Caesar’s eyes, they will realize who or what he is. Show who the REAL son of Caesar is. It is certainly not a ‘sickly’ boy that looks faint at the sight of battle (especially when Agrippa isn’t around), but a boy raised by Julius Caesar’s ‘Master of Horse’ and Step-father. Get some of those pretty senatorial daughters take him out for a night or two. Get the boy drunk. Let him puke and chase a few ‘dancers’ about the hall. Show Rome that you intend to raise him as a true Roman. What’s more in conversation, especially with Cicero, say something like: “I had to get him away from his mother’s influence.” Cicero will LOVE that.

  1. CONTROL THE OMENS.

Omens are what convince those that are still on the fence. As rational men, we have to control the omens so they don’t get out of hand. There are omens here in Rome and about the ‘mare nostrum’ all the time. I would not be a good advisor if I didn’t tell you the truth.

In the city of Alba, a statue of you was seen sweating. The slaves wiped it over and over but the water streamed down its forehead.

The people said, “See, Antony knows that Octavian is coming for him.”

In Athens, a statue of Dionysus fell from its pedestal crashing below.  You have been hailed as the new Dionysus. Don’t deny it! That name has been heard over here, even in Rome. The statue fell on a new theater, and some piss-offed actors stood over the rubble shouting: “The fall of Antony!”   Some Antonian’s pounded them with fruit, but the damage was done. The statue was so large that it had to remain right where it was even during a performance of a play by Plautus. A character in the play was some lad, a lovesick school boy that could not get the attentions of the local prostitute. I can’t keep this from you. The fallen statue seemed to convince the audience that the lover boy was you. I don’t have to tell you what the audience thought the identity of the prostitute to be.

Give the word and I’ll have black crows sitting on top of Octavian’s roof within the week.

Give the word and I’ll pay some out of work actor to paint himself white and walk about outside Octavian’s villa as Caesar’s ghost. We can have him cry and wail as if disappointed with his adopted son.

“Woe is me! Woe to Rome. I have adopted a boy with vinegar blood! Woe to those who take up his cause.”  Said with enough conviction, and with enough gusto the story will be up and down the hills of Rome before daylight. The gossip mill of Rome works at blinding speed.

I can even have that broken statue of Dionysus in Rome in just a few months. With the right rope and tackle we can drop it into Octavian’s atrium. Can you see the look on his face? Imagine the horror as it takes out his family fountain and your face stares at him as slaves rush about to dry him off. It will be the talk of Rome!

Of course, of course we need an augur present. I can buy a few. Why should the Octavians have all the luck? Omens are never effective unless an argur can put his copper penny into the pot. “The power of Antony has destroyed the house of Octavian. The Hercules has returned to Rome,” he can wail.

Remember omens are never incorrect, especially with the passage of time. People only forget the ones that turn out wrong.

  1. LEAFLETS, GOSSIP, AND GRAFFITI.

LEAFLETS: This is the easy part. Why are we allowing Octavian have the last word? The people of Rome are looking for direction. “Silence is acceptance.” If Octavian says you are a drunkard, then you are a drunkard if you do not respond. I recommend the following leaflets to be distributed as soon as possible: 1) ON MY DRUNKENESS 2) WHY I AM ROMAN 3) WHY ROMAN WOMEN ARE BETTER THAN ALEXANDRIAN WOMEN (The plebians will love you for that last one). If you don’t want to write on these subjects I have at least three out of work satirists looking for jobs right now.

GOSSIP: I suggest we start the following rumors in Rome. 1) You were seen in Tarentum. 2) You are coming to Rome in six months. 3) You are coming to Rome right now and you are pissed.

GRAFFITTI: We need a Graffiti campaign. As you know many plebians do not read. Cartoon Graffiti is our best bet in reaching this demographic. I suggest the following cartoon images to be scribbled at the racetrack, arenas and public toilets.

1) Octavian in a dress with Agrippa protecting him against a giant penis.

2) Octavian running from a drawing of you dressed as Hercules.

3) Octavian as a catamite (Of course with his dour nature this might make him more popular).

  1. CHANGE YOUR WILL.

I’ve seen it. Everyone has seen it. The Vestal Virgins laugh about it. Are you serious? Do you really want to be buried in Alexandria? NO! Change the will. Tell them you want to be burned, and your ashes spread across the subura. The poor will love that. Tell them to open your house to the public, like Caesar. Turn your fortune into coin and give each man a share. YOU CAN ALWAYS CHANGE IT LATER!

Octavian is going to get his hands on it. If he reads it in the Senate, you will never recover. The Vestals are just women. If Octavian steps through the front door and reaches for the will they will shrink back in horror, but DO NOTHING.   Send me the new will and I will register it at the temple.  Let’s have it read in the Forum before you die. Let’s have the people of Rome see how much you love them? Remember how the mob turned on Brutus when Caesar’s will was read?  

  1. Hire Publius Vergilius Maro.

Virgil is a talented poet living a few doors down from me. You got to get him on board. I know he tends to produce works rather slowly, but that is why we should get him started now. The Patrician, Knight, and Plebian classes love to see their ‘heroes’ in print and sung on a poet’s lips. I suggest the following title: The Atoniad.

  1. Bribe the Plebian Class

The patricians hate the plebians. The plebians hate the patricians. All the plebians want is money, entertainment, and diversion. Their life is hard. Octavian throws them a pittance and they take it. What choice do they have? He is there and you are not. If Octavian decides to invade Egypt, the plebians will flock to his standards. They will dream of booty, and mounds of Alexandrian loot. The world knows how rich the city is and will be.   Before the plebian comes to Alexandria to take your fortune, bring the fortune to Rome.

First, establish a strong presence in Rome.   Become the patron of the plebian on the street. Put money in their pockets by the way of gifts distributed at gladiatorial games that you sponsor.

Purchase businesses within the walls of Rome.

Bring Alexandrian entertainment to the theaters.

Fund a lottery for the plebian where upon winning he is granted a piece of land in the Egyptian basin. Well, if the Greeks can live in Egypt why not Romans?

During the next Saturnalia hold the largest public dinner ever recorded in the history of Rome. Make sure that every cup of wine has printed at the bottom of the cup: In Antony’s nomen.

Go back to Rome and raise three legions. This is very important. Offer greater pay than the Octavian Legions. Camp the Antonian Legions outside the gates of Rome. March these legions up and down the gates of Rome, to let Octavian know that you are too close for comfort.

Find Roman husbands Alexandrian wives.

  1. DECLARE RIGHT NOW THAT YOU ARE A REPUBLICAN.

I know it’s not true.   However, Octavian pretends to be one. Keeping close to the Ptolemy throne makes others wonder about your intentions. Octavian has ambitions, but he would never claim to think himself a god – at least not yet. You are being hailed as the new Dionysus. You claim ancestry from Hercules. Octavian paints you as Egyptian. It is confusing. Get yourself in a toga and walk up and down a few of the streets here in Rome, and get any damn Ptolemaic face-paint off your face. Shake a few hands. Cicero has advised other for years on how to get elected. I KNOW YOU HATE CICERO! The best advice sometimes comes from unexpected places.

  1. QUIT THE GREEK.

How Roman are you?  Decide. You love all things Greek? Rome raised you. Rome made you great. Roman soldiers died for you. Drink Greek wine at home. Only serve Roman wine at your feasts. Keep your windows closed when you parade around in Greek dress.

  1. CEASE PLANS ON THE DONATIONS OF ALEXANRIA.

This is a major public relations disaster. Cease work on it immediately. My men in Alexandria tell me that you intend to give away portions of the world to your children publicly. Don’t you understand the Octavian will use this against you? I am not saying that you should not do it, but do it privately. Instead any lands not conquered you should publicly give TO ROME, and if you decide later for one of your children to rule in the name of Rome…so much the better. Who talked you into this?

  1. DEFENCE IN DEPTH

If Octavian comes to meet you – apply defence in depth. You have the allies, mountains, and deserts to whittle him down. Put your men on boats you might as well hand him a Cannae. Hit him and draw back. Defend forest, river and mountain pass. Burn the crops and draw back.

  1. Instead SEND YOUR ARMY TO ROME.

If Octavian comes to meet you send half your legions to Rome. Do not meet Octavian’s forces. There is a strong possibility due to shared service under Julius Caesar they may refuse to fight each other. So, bypass them. Send runners to tell him where you are going. He shall waver. He shall see that you are not afraid of him, and certainly not the people of Rome.   He shall ignore Alexandria and scamper back to Rome. He shall envision Hannibal and the ravages that took place years before. He may divide his forces and send a quarter-contingent to Alexandria. Cleopatra can defend the city, hide in India, or take to the desert like she did in the civil war with her brother. Octavian will be afraid that you intend to woo the people of Rome. Stay three days in front of him. Every city that you come to that keeps its gates closed – place a wreath on the door and publicly give thanks. Then leave! Do not burn a single vineyard or village. Recruit the countryside into your auxiliary. You are not Hannibal. You are Roman. Send runners to Rome and have them declare to the Senate that you want a triumph for defeating Egypt. Of course, you have not. But you have brought Egypt under Roman influence. Tell them you bring them riches to fill their coffers. In your message tell them you will stay in Rome for the rest of your life (even if it is not true). Tell your men that you have no intention of killing your countrymen.

     10.  COME HOME AND SHUT FULVIA UP.

The problem is that you love two women. That would not be so bad, if one of them was the quiet sort. However, Fulvia is about as ‘queenish’ as your Cleopatra. She has raised legions with her brother and has started a war with Octavian.    Do you realize the public affairs disaster this woman has caused you?   I have news for you, Fulvia and her accomplice Lucius are holed up in the city of Perusia. How can you control the world if you cannot control your own wife?   Did you have anything to do with this? Take a legion or two and batter down the gates of Perusia. Octavian is using this against you. You have to get rid of her. You have to stop her. Every Octavian Soldier that dies in this battle is another Roman family that will despise you. Tell Fulvia to meet you in Athens. When you are together…silence her forever.

I am hearing rumors. Octavian is planning to offer his sister to you in marriage.   She is a nice quiet girl. Would you consider this?  However, if you do this, the augurs are telling me that it would be to your advantage if Octavia meets with a small accident two or three months later. I’m sure Cleopatra would approve.

      11.   KILL AGRIPPA.

Octavian is nothing without Agrippa. Why has this man been allowed to live? There is nothing as irritating as a talented ‘lap-dog.’

12.  Take charge of your own household (Be a man).

You have to choose. Are you descended from Hercules or not? If you are–keep Cleopatra quiet. I KNOW, I KNOW, YOU LOVE HER. Well, what better way to show your love then to give her an intact and united Rome. If you are the new Dionysus than remember this – the TITANS ripped him apart.

Mount Olympus in the hair

Found off the Gaza Strip

Found off the Gaza Strip

 The whole purpose of Ancient Rome Refocused it to talk of those people that are keeping the ‘classical’ traditions alive.  This can be in fiction, art, movies or paintings.  This can be in sculpture as well.  I came across the work of Sabin Howard.  What made me thought of this is a recent find of Apollo off the Gaza Strip.  A naked god pulled from the sea, and I tried to visualize what the ancients must have felt viewing this curly haired god, but lacking context I am unable to give even a good

Sabin Howard's APOLLO

Sabin Howard’s APOLLO

guess.  When I came across Sabin’s work, which has a lot of mythological references, the figures are a lot more sensuous, more real, more in the NOW.  I figure it’s the artist.  Mr. Howard, after all, lives in the 21st century.  His work reflects his experience, his idea of the visual world.  The Gaza Apollo I have little in common with, but Sabin’s mythological characters seem familiar, as if these men and women, hidden under clothes, walk in my world.  The Sabin Howard Apollo is part of my century, more so than the Gaza Apollo, not just in the date it was ‘cast’ but in the imagery (what feels right to my particular eye) and there’s just a little bit of me and you in Sabin’s work.  The bone structure and its flesh seem familiar.  The figures ‘feel’ 21st Century. 

Of course, I just wish I looked that good.

Howard said, “There is nothing more complex than the human body.”  He is right.  A trailer by Mark Forman, seen on Vimeo.com not only reflects this complexity but the complexity of Howard’s art.  A beginning shot of molten metal streams out, and fades into the vein of a sculpted arm.   See the video on http://vimeo.com/49084625.

The world of the classics will never fade as long as there are men and women like Sabin Howard reaching back and ‘casting’ beauty in such stunning detail: such as his work titled Hermes and Aphrodite.  Man will continue to see beauty in the human form when qualities are bronzed and personified in works such as Howard’s Persistence and Stubbornness (See his website for photos).

Take a close look at his work: there is a touch of “Mount Olympus” in just the way the wind blows through the hair of his subjects.

http://www.sabinhoward.com/

Anachronism Markets

Ancient Rome Refocused would like to interview those that are part of the anachronism market.  That means someone who makes things that would sell more likely in Ancient Rome / Greece rather than today.  “Things’ could be taken from the following list:

  • Roman Armor
  • Greek or Roman Tunics
  • Glassware
  • Jewelry
  • Clothes, etc.

Did I forget something? 

I will interview you by Skype and will keep you informed when the show will air.  The segment will be fifteen minutes in length.  You must be able to talk about the research that you conducted in order to make the items.  You must be able to make the listener ‘understand’ how you became interested in manufacturing these items, and what you learned from the experience.  I will share the questions with you in advance.  The show is not ‘live’ and through the editing software Audacity, I will make you look brilliant.  On the show you will be able to provide a link to where the listener can learn more about your company.

It is my belief that your company is keeping the past alive by manufacturing these products.  Do you want to be on the show?

If you are interested, please send an email to:  rob@ancientromerefocused.org.